Prophet’s Teachings about Oppression & Restoring Rights

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Beware of injustice, for oppression will be darkness on the Day of Judgement; and beware of stinginess because it doomed those who were before you. It incited them to shed blood and treat the unlawful as lawful.”

Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) said, “On the Resurrection Day, the rights will be paid to those to whom they are due– so much so that a hornless sheep will be retaliated for by punishing the horned sheep which broke its horns”.

The Prophet (peace be upon him)  gave a detailed account of the anti-Christ and said, ‘Every Prophet sent by Allah had warned his people against his mischief. Nuh (PBUH) ) warned his nation and so did all the Prophets after him. If he (i.e., Ad-Dajjal) appears among you, his condition will not remain hidden from you. Your Creator is not one-eyed, but the anti-Christ  is. His right eye is protruding like a swollen grape.”

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Whoever usurps unlawfully even a hand span of land a collar measuring seven times (this) land will be placed around his neck on the Day of Resurrection”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Verily, Allah gives respite (time to correct the wrong behavior)  to the oppressor. But when He seizes him, He does not let him escape.” Then he (PBUH)) recited, “Such is the Seizure of your Creator when He seizes the (population of) towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful (and) severe”. (11:102).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Mu`adh (May Allah bepleased with him) reported that Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sent me (as a governor of Yemen) and instructed me thus: “You will go to the people of the Book (Christians). First call them to testify that `there is no true god except Allah, that I am (Muhammad (PBUH)) the Messenger of Allah.’ If they accept, tell them that Allah has enjoined upon them five prayers during the day and night; and if they accept, inform them that Allah has made the poor-due obligatory upon them; that it should be collected from their rich and distributed among their poor; and if they obey you refrain from picking up the best of their wealth. Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, for there is no barrier  between it and Allah”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The Prophet (PBUH) employed a man from the tribe of Al-Azd named Ibn Lutbiyyah as collector of poor-due. When the employee returned (with the collections) he said: “(O Prophet (PBUH)!) This is for you and this is mine because it was presented to me as gift.” Messenger of Allah (PBUH) rose to the pulpit and praised Allah and glorified Him. Then he said, “I employ a man to do a job and he comes and says: `This is for you and this has been presented to me as gift’? Why did he not remain in the house of his father or the house of his mother and see whether gifts will be given to him or not? By Allah in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, if any one of you took anything wrongfully, he will bring it on the Day of judgment, carrying it on his back” Then he raised his hands till we could see the whiteness of his armpits.Then he said thrice, “O Allah ! have I conveyed Your Commandments”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: There is a stern warning in this Hadith for the government functionaries. Nowadays official positions are very much misused and people have developed the habit of giving presents and gifts to them. According to this Hadith, all such presents and gifts which are given to the government employees due to their official position are unlawful and constitute bribery. The taking and accepting of bribery are both unlawful.

The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who has done a wrong affecting his brother’s honour or anything else, let him ask his forgiveness today before the time of  the Day of judgment. If he has done some good deeds, a portion equal to his wrong doings will be subtracted from them and given to the one who was wronged; but if he has no good deeds, he will be burdened with the evil deeds of the one he had wronged in the same proportion”.

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Whosoever among you is appointed by us to a position and he conceals from us even a needle or less, it will amount to misappropriation and he will be called upon to restore it on the Day of Judgment”. A  man from the stood up  and said: “O Messenger of Allah, take back from me your assignment.”  He (the Prophet (PBUH)) said, “What has happened to you?” The man replied: “I have heard you saying such and such.” He (PBUH) said, “I say that even now: Whosoever from you is appointed by us to a position, he should render an account of everything, big or small, and whatever he is given therefrom, he should take and he should desist from taking what is not his”.

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Faith in Allah and striving in Allah’s  Cause  are the deeds of highest merit.” A man stood up said: “O Messenger of Allah! Tell me if I am killed in the Cause of Allah, will all my sins be forgiven?” He (PBUH) replied, “Yes, if you are killed in the Cause of Allah while you are patient, hopeful of your reward and marching forward not retreating.” Then the Prophet (PBUH) said to him, “Repeat what your question.” The man said: “Tell me if I am killed in the Cause of Allah, will all my sins be remitted?”. He replied, “Yes, if you are martyred while you are patient, hopeful of your reward and march forward without retreating, unless, if you owe any debt, that will not be remitted.  The Angel Jibril told me that”

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Do you know who is the bankrupt?” They said: “The bankrupt among us is one who has neither money with him nor any property”. He said, “The real bankrupt of my people would be he who would come on the Day of judgment with prayer, fasts and charity, (but he will find himself bankrupt on that day as he will have exhausted the good deeds because he reviled others, brought calumny against others, unlawfully devoured the wealth of others, shed the blood of others and beat others; so his good deeds would be credited to the account of those who suffered at his hand. If his good deeds fall short to clear the account, their sins would be entered in his account and he would be thrown in the (Hell) Fire”.

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Verily, I am only a human and the claimants bring to me (their disputes); perhaps some of them are more eloquent than others. I judge according to what I hear from them. So, he whom I, by my judgment, give the undue share out of the right of a person, I in fact give him a portion of (Hell) Fire”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

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