Life Originated From Water: Qur’an & Modern Science In Harmony

Allah Almighty in the Quran makes very important scientific claims:

He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days – and His Throne was over the waters – that He might try you, which of you is best in conduct. But if thou wert to say to them, ‘Ye shall indeed be raised up after death’, the Unbelievers would be sure to say, ‘This is nothing but obvious sorcery!’
[Quran 11:7]

Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?
[Quran 21:30]

It is He Who has created man from water: then has He established relationships of lineage and marriage: for thy Lord has power (over all things).
[Quran 25:54]

And God has created every animal from water: of them there are some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four. God creates what He wills for verily God has power over all things.
[Quran 24:45]

“Protoplasm is the basis of all living matter, and ‘the vital power of protoplasm seems to depend on the constant presence of water’ (Lowsons’ Text-book of Botany, Indian Edition. London 1922, p. 23). Textbooks of Zoology are also clear on this point. For example, see T.J. Parker and W.A. Haswell, Textbook of Zoology, London, 1910, Vol I. p. 15: ‘Living protoplasm always contains a large amount of water.’ ”

protoplasm

“About 72 percent of the surface of our Globe is still covered with water. It has been estimated that if the inequalities of this surface were all leveled, the whole surface would be under water as the mean elevation of land sphere-level would be 7,000-10,000 feet below the surface of the ocean (cf. 11:7). This shows the predominance of water on our Globe. That all life began in the water is also a conclusion to which our latest knowledge in biological science points. The fact that protoplasm, the original basis of living matter, is liquid or semi-liquid and in a state of constant flux and instability, does not contradict the fact that land animals (like the higher vertebrates, including man) have in their embryological history, organs like those of fishes, indicating the watery origin of their original habitat. The constitution of protoplasm is about 80 to 85 percent water (see also 24:30-31 and 24:45).”

What is protoplasm? Complex, semi fluid, translucent substance that constitutes the living matter of plant and animal cells and manifests the essential life functions of a cell. Composed of proteins, fats, and other molecules suspended in water, it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm.

The Bible Never Mentions That Life Originated From Water.

For those who say that “Muhammad stole from the Bible”, the Bible does not state that life originated from water. In fact, the Bible says that water was created along with other things such as “light”, “darkness”, “dry land”, “sky”, “animals”, “vegetation”, etc…, and it is used for aiding life for the animals and vegetation:

From the NIV Bible, Genesis 1:1-20:

Genesis 1

The Beginning

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.
3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.
4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness.
5 God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning-the first day.
6 And God said, “Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water.”
7 So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so.
8 God called the expanse “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning-the second day.
9 And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so.
10 God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good.
11 Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.” And it was so.
12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.
13 And there was evening, and there was morning-the third day.
14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years,
15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth.” And it was so.
16 God made two great lights-the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars.
17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth,
18 to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19 And there was evening, and there was morning-the fourth day.
20 And God said, “Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky.”

Please be advised that the following analysis and comments are not meant to criticize the Bible or to prove it wrong. They are only meant to prove that Islam’s claims are indeed unique and do not exist in the Bible.

Some analysis to the verses above:

1- In Genesis 1:1-2, and Genesis 1:6-9 we see that GOD Almighty created the Heavens and the Earth, and the Heavens were filled with water. GOD created “expanse” to separate the waters in the Heaven. He called the expanse a “sky”. Then GOD gathered all of the water under the sky in one place on Earth and then created dry land and made seas from the water. And GOD saw that it was good. The Earth was originally made of water.

2- In Genesis 1:20, we see that GOD made water teem or prosper with the living creatures.

bible scroll

Even though the Bible is correct about the Earth being initially a liquid planet before land ever existed if we were to interpret Genesis 1:2 as such even though it doesn’t really directly say so especially in Genesis 1:9 “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.”, which could be interpreted as WATER WAS COVERING LAND WHEN GOD’S SPIRIT WAS HOVERING OVER THE WATERS (Genesis 1:2), AND NOT NECESSARILY EARTH WAS ALL 100% WATER, but no where does it mention that life of any animal or human being originated from water. The Bible seems to suggest that water was created first since “the Spirit of GOD was hovering over it” , and then GOD Almighty created light, darkness, sky, vegetation, animals, made land appear etc….., the Bible does not claim that the life of any human being or animal was created from water. The Bible suggests that GOD Almighty created animals without the use of water. He just said “let there be animals”, and there was animals.

According to the verses above, the relationship between the water and animals for instance, is the same thing between the animals and the vegetation or any other creation. The Bible talks about water as a solo creation of GOD that had nothing to do with the creation of anything else. The Bible claims that on some spots on Earth that were occupied by water, he created land, and then vegetation and then animals, etc. This does not prove at all that the Bible claims that animal and human life was originated from water.

Also, if we were to assume from the Bible that the Universe originated from water, then we would be in grave scientific error. The Universe outside earth did not originate from water. It originated from Hot Smoke or Hot Gas, amazingly and accurately mentioned in the Quran.

Moreover He comprehended in His design the sky, and it had been (as) smoke: He said to it and to the earth: ‘Come ye together, willingly or unwillingly.’ They said: ‘We do come (together), in willing obedience.’ So He completed them as seven firmaments in two Days, and He assigned to each heaven its duty and command. And We (I) adorned the lower heaven with lights, and provided it with guard. Such is the Decree of (Him) the Exalted in Might, Full of Knowledge.
[Quran 41:11-12]

I just want to make it clear that the Qur’anic scientific claims are much more accurate than the ones in the Bible. The Quran is crystal clear in claiming that life originated from water. The Bible simply does not make such a claim.

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