Circuits in the Brain and Creation Design

The brain of a human contains a network of organized and interconnected nerve cells that is so vast, it cannot even conceive of the number. This fully organized network consists of cells communicates with other cells in order to create thought, love, emotions, touch, regulate an incomprehensibly complex body, perceive through senses and perform uncounted other functions.

Each of these nerve cells is electrical. Each has a particular purpose and each has been microscopically placed into its own particular position in this vast network. And each one is electrically connected to all of the other cells.

The regulation of these connections is so precise that the cells contain timing devices to slow down some impulses by millionths of a second so that they may reach the destination at exactly the proper time.

The number of these organized electrical is much larger than the number of individual neurons because each neuron may have thousands of connections.

The number of connections in the human brain is approximately 1,000,000,000,000,000.

Denton, Michael, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis(Adler & Adler, 1985), p 330.

The amount of wiring for these connections is approximately 100,000 kilometers (50,000 miles) or slightly more that two circumfrences of the earth:

“In the human brain, for example, the total length of wiring is about 108 meters and it has to be packed into a volume of avout 1.5 liters.
. . .

“Using the criterion of joules per operation, the brain is about 7 or 8 orders of magnitude more power efficient than the best of the silicon chips. A direct consequence of their energy efficiency is that brains can perform many more operations per second than even the newest supercomputers. The fastest digital computers are capable of around 109 operations per second; the brain of the common housefly, for example, performs about 1011 operations per second when merely resting.”

Churchland, Patricia S. and Sejnowski, Terrence J., The Computational Brain (MIT Press, 1992) p. 9.

Each of these connections works in cooperation with the other 1,000,000,000,000,000 connections. Not one of these connections acts on its own; each one acts in concert with the others;  they are all organized.

To understand the size of this vast network of electrical connections, one must first comprehend the size of the number 1,000,000,000,000,000.

Imagine an immense forest that stretches over half the United States, a single forest that covers one million square miles.  Each square mile contains 10,000 trees and each tree contains 100,000 leaves.  Imagine the vast number of trees in such a forest.  The number of organized electrical connections in your brain is approximately equal to the number of leaves on those trees. See Michael, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis (Adler & Adler, 1985), p 330.

Now imagine that all of those leaves are connected to each other by wires and each leaf produces the precise amount of electricity necessary for it to function in this massive network and produce thought. That is the brain of a human. What is the rate of evolution necessary to evolve such a brain?

There are 1,051,200,000,000,000 minutes in 2 billion years and there are 1,000,000,000,000,000 connections in the brain.. In order to evolve that many connections, evolution must produce by sheer accident approximately one organized, perfected, in place and fully functional connections every minutefor 2 billion years* (the amount of time that evolutionary science claims for the existence of life). Since all of the connections are interrelated, each new neuron must somehow anticipate the arrival of new neurons with regard to timing, function and essentially all that it does, because they all work together as one whole. Evolution is grossly in adequate to account for this complexity, because evolution accounts for intelligence by alleging small incremental changes in intellect over the course of generations, not hours or minutes.

And this calculation assumes that each one of the new neurons and new connections is perfected, organized and in place ab initio. If one applies the real theory of evolution and assumes that these developing neurons are initially imperfect and improved over time, then the rate of change and evolution must increase exponentially. Evolution now requires new neurons and connections at hundreds or perhaps thousands per hour, or millions per generation.

And even if such a rate of evolving changes could be shown (and it can’t), one is still left with the impossible hurdle of showing how the neurons of a brain accidentally created the non-physical code necessary to communicate between themselves.

Purkinje cells located in the cerebellum each receive 100,000 separate and distinct inputs from other cells, each receiving 100,000 separate electrical codes. See S. Raymon y Cajal, Histologie du Systeme Nerveux de l’Homme et des Vertegres. Paris: Maloine, 1909-1911; reprinted, Madrid: C.S.I.C., 1972.

There are billions upon billions of Purkinje cells in a brain. Just imagine what a task it would be to organize and connect billions of Purkinje cells together for the purpose of creating thought.

Evolutionary science cannot understand how they work, much less duplicate them, and yet it explains their existence away by referring to extremely fortunate accidents and survival of the fittest.

“The theory still remains that accidental changes over millions of years has somehow produced a larger brain to survive and be fit. No one can explain exactly how this occurred.” 

Thompson, Richard F., Localization of the Essential Memory Trace Circuit for a Learned Response, Brain Structure, Learning, and Memory, Ed. Davis, Joel L., Newburgh, Robert W. and Wegman, Edward J. (Westview Press; Frederick A. Pareger, 1988), p. 69.

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